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Vol. 5, July  Issue 7

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EFFECTOF CITRUS SINENSIS L. FRUIT PEEL EXTRACT ON IN-VITRO PHYTO-NEMATICIDAL ACTIVITYON MELOIDOGYNE INCOGNITA RACE II

Abstract

Abstract:Brinjal (Solanummelongena Linn) is the fourthmost important vegetable cultivated after potato, onion, and tomato inMaharashtra. These crops are grown in all the seasons by small and marginalfarmers who get the source of income. The production of brinjal faces a number ofproblems which causes enormous yield losses. Among them, the Meloidogyne incognita Race II root -knotnematode is major pest it reduces significant yield losses up to 30-35%. Formanaging nematode population infection farmers depends on mainly on thechemical nematicides. The  continuous  excessive and indiscriminate use of chemicalnematicides causing multiple side-effects that include pesticide residues,environmental pollution, and destruction of natural enemies of pests, the  resurgence of pest population and increasedcost of cultivation. To overcome the above- mentioned side effects. The abilityof the treatment schedule of peel extracts Citrussinensis L. were tested against Root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita Race-II associated with Brinjal (Solanummelongena L.) by In-vitro method.  It causes  62.2% larval mortality in 24 hrs. The Citrus sinensis L. were highly active phytonematicide as comparedwith the control standard neemcake and Carbofuran.

Keywords:words:Brinjal(Solanummelongena L.).,Carbofuran., Citrus sinensisL., In –vitronematicidalactivity and Neem cake

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