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CENTRIFUGAL IMPELLER MODELING AND STATIC ANALYSIS WITH DIFFERENT MATERIALS

Abstract

Abstract: Centrifugal pump is a fluid energy-producing mechanism. This energy may make a fluid flow or increase to a greater level. Centrifugal pump is a very simple machine composed of two fundamental parts: the rotating element or impeller and the stationary element or case. Centrifugal pumps are widely utilized worldwide, because the pump is durable, efficient and cost-effective. A centrifugal pump is a red dynamic pump which employs a spinning pump to boost the fluid's pressure. Centrifugal pumps are utilized for transportation of liquids via a tube system. The fluid enters the pump impeller along or near the turning path and is propelled by the impeller, which flows outward radially into a diffuser or volute chamber (case), from which it joins the downstream pipe system. It is intended to transform the energy of a primary mover (electric motor or turbine) into speed or kinetic energy and subsequently into pressurized energy of the pumped liquid. Centrifugal pumps are utilized through smaller heads for greater discharges. Centric-fugal pumps transform mechanical energy from the engine into a moving fluid's energy; some energies go into kinetic energy of fluid movement, and others into potential energy, which is represented by a fluid pressure or by raising a fluid upwards. The transmission of energy from the mechanical rotation of the impeller to fluid motion and pressure, in particular in earlier literature published before the contemporary notion of centrifugal force as fictitious force, is adequately defined in a rotating referential frame. In fact, the idea of centrifugal force is not needed to describe the centrifuge pump's function. The CFRP, GFRP, INCONEL, STAINLESS STEEL, AL-6061 Pump Impeller is being analysed for the purpose of increasing centrifugal pump resistance. The aim is to build an impeller using computer aided design software (CAD) using different metal alloys and composite materials, with Ansys software, to analyse static analyses and to detect stress, stress and deformation. To assess the efficiency of the appropriate impeller material.Keywords: Computer Aided Design (CAD), Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP), Graphite Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP)

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